This course focused on European history from the Renaissance to the present, addressing the intellectual, cultural, political, social, and economic developments that have shaped the modern age. Emphasis on the intellectual responses to science, the evolution of the nation-state, and industrialization, along with their impact on society and politics. What has changed over time and what has remained the same were two of the principal questions asked throughout the course.
In my final paper for this course, we were asked to answer the question “What and when is Europe?” Using what information we had been given through lectures and outside sources, I had to form a thesis about what Europe is and when that Europe came to be. This required critical thinking and a knowledge of the complex history of Europe.