Soil erosion is a complex issue that not only harms the soil’s ability to carry out ecological functions, but also lowers the capacity of the soil to produce goods and services. Soil erosion may occur naturally, or through anthropogenic activity. In the Nyando River Basin in Kenya, soil erosion has become a major problem because of both natural and anthropogenic causes. Sand harvesting activities that take place all along the Nyando River, exacerbate these processes and have increased in scale due to recent economic downturns that have especially affected Kenyan youth.